Research Article Appraisal ASTHMA ATTACK 1 Assignment INSTRUCTIONS databases for 3 articles within 5 years of today’s date, that are appropriate f

Research Article Appraisal ASTHMA ATTACK

1

Assignment INSTRUCTIONS
databases for 3 articles within 5 years of today’s date, that are appropriate for your PICOT question. One article is a quantitative, quantitative research study, one is qualitative, qualitative and the third article is either a Clinical Practice, Clinical Practice Guideline or a Systematic or Integrative Review, Systematic or Integrative Review. Ensure that you are using the approved week 2 assignment topic list as all of these topics have guidelines associated with them and many WCU articles can be found.

Read the first few sentences of methods section of your articles to assess what type of article you have
Critique each article using the appropriate Appraisal Forms. The form takes you through a reflection on WHY was research done-HOW was research done and WHAT was found.
Review rubric carefully to ensure all questions have been answered. Points are deducted for articles not loaded or if incorrect type of article submitted. The quantitative and qualitative articles will be used in week 6 Article Critique therefore if you are unsuccessful with article selection in week 4 you will need to find a new article by the end of week 5 with the help of the librarian or your faculty in selecting a new article to use in week 6.
All answers to questions for week 4 are brief and only 1- 2 sentences. Example: What group produced the guideline? Answer: US Preventive Services Task Force develops recommendations about preventive services based on a review of high-quality scientific evidence and publishes its recommendations on its website and or in a peer reviewed journal
Avoid any copying and pasting 7 or more words of content from the article or another source. Use your own words to create your answers. APA is not required for content of answers on template
APA is only required for your citation on the template.

RUBRIC

Criteria

Ratings

Pts

Outcome Quantitative Review Form Completed

40 to >20.0 pts

Meets or Exceeds Expectations

Completely filled out all yes & No questions including citations, comments and open ended questions

20 to >10.0 pts

Mostly Meets Expectations

Completely filled out all yes & No questions excluding citations, comments and open ended questions

10 to >0 pts

Below Expectations

Filled in yes/no questions and only one or two written comments or questions answered

40 pts

Qualitative Review Form Completed

40 to >20.0 pts

Meets or Exceeds Expectations

Completely filled out all yes & No questions including citations, comments and open ended questions

20 to >10.0 pts

Mostly Meets Expectations

Completely filled out all yes & No questions excluding citations, comments and open ended questions

10 to >0 pts

Below Expectations

Filled in yes/no questions and only one or two written comments or questions answered

40 pts

Either Clinical practice Guideline or Systematic or Integrative Review Completed

40 to >20.0 pts

Meets or Exceeds Expectations

Completely filled out all yes & No questions including citations, comments and open ended questions

20 to >10.0 pts

Mostly Meets Expectations

Completely filled out all yes & No questions excluding citations, comments and open ended questions

10 to >0 pts

Below Expectations

Filled in yes/no questions and only one or two written comments or questions answered

40 pts

Writing and APA

10 to >5.0 pts

Meets or Exceeds Expectations

Follows guidelines. Complete formatting and writing. 1 or 0 APA errors.

5 to >2.5 pts

Mostly Meets Expectations

Follows guidelines. 2-3 formatting or APA errors.

2.5 to >0 pts

Below Expectations

Does not follow guidelines. More than 5 formatting, writing, or APA errors will result in a 0 for this section.

10 pts

Full Articles Loaded in PDF or Word Format

20 to >10.0 pts

Meets or Exceeds Expectations

All 3 articles loaded.

10 to >5.0 pts

Mostly Meets Expectations

2 articles loaded.

5 to >0 pts

Below Expectations

1 article loaded. 0 points given if no article is loaded.

20 pts

SEE BLOW FOR WEEK 2 THE COMPLETED ASSIGNMENT

WEEK 2 ASSIGNMENT BELOW FOR REFERENCE

Asthma attack and Tobacco Addiction

Asthma is a medical condition that affects the respiratory system of a condition. It is a condition in which the air pathway narrows and swells and may produce more mucus resulting in difficulty breathing. It may trigger coughing and a whistling sound when the patient is breathing and may result in shortness of breath (Polosa et al., 2011). Inhaled corticosteroids are the most effective medication for various asthma patients. More than 25 percent of adult asthma patients in most developed nations are active tobacco smokers (Thomson et al., 2004). The paper seeks to determine the effect of tobacco addiction on the response to medication using inhaled corticosteroids in patients with mild asthma.

Research Questions

1. In mild asthma patients, how does tobacco addiction compared to non-addiction influence their overall response to treatment of inhaled corticosteroids over three weeks?
2. In asthma patients, how does tobacco addiction compared to non-addiction influence the number of asthma attacks they receive over three weeks?
3. In asthma patients, how does tobacco addiction compared to non-addiction influence the asthma symptoms over three weeks?

Discussion

Smoking irritates the airways, making them swell and narrow and producing more mucus, the same conditions that occur during an asthma flare-up. The airways of asthma patients are very sensitive and usually react to numerous triggers. When these patients come in contact with these triggers, they develop various asthma symptoms (Thomson et al., 2004). When one inhales tobacco, the substances settle on the individual’s moist linings of the air pathways and set off asthma attacks. Tobacco damages the cilia within the airways, thus reducing their functionality.
Smoking can thus result in an asthma attack or flare-up. Even though there is minimal published research on airways pathology in tobacco smokers with asthma, tobacco addiction may cause asthma-related inflammation (Thomson et al., 2004). So far, research suggests that smokers with asthma have both heightened inflammatory responses when compared to nonsmokers.

Conclusion

An interaction between asthma and active tobacco smoking results in more severe symptoms and accelerated reduction in the lungs efficiency thus impairs the short-term response of corticosteroids. Therefore, medical professionals taking care of asthma patients should try to control and monitor their tobacco intake to increase the efficiency of inhaled corticosteroids.

References

Hauber, A. B., Mohamed, A. F., Johnson, F. R., Meddis, D., Wagner, S., & O’Dowd, L. (2009). Quantifying asthma patient preferences for onset of effect of combination inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting beta2-agonist maintenance medications. Allergy and Asthma Proceedings, 30(2), 139–47. https://doi.org/10.2500/aap.2009.30.3205.
Thomson, N. C., Chaudhuri, R., & Livingston, E. (2004). Asthma and cigarette smoking. European respiratory journal, 24(5), 822-833.
Polosa, R., Russo, C., Caponnetto, P., Bertino, G., Sarvà Maria, Antic, T., Mancuso, S., & Al-Delaimy, W. K. (2011). Greater severity of new onset asthma in allergic subjects who smoke: a 10-year longitudinal study. Respiratory Research, 12(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1186/1465-9921-12-16

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