Powerpoint I have attached finished project from every week. Need help creating powerpoint. The topic is electric vehicle.
Week 1: Understanding Ethics
Week 2: Ethical SWOT Analysis
Week 3: Historical Context and Ethical Questions
Week 4: Literature Review
Week 5: Equity Impact Assessment
Week 6: Code of Ethics
Week 7: Recommendations
The structure of your presentation will follow the chronological order of the assignments. Here is a suggested organization.
Title slide, including the presentation title, your name, name of the course, and the date
A discussion of your strongest ethical values
Explain which philosophies and philosophers are your greatest influences.
A high-level overview of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of your chosen technology based on your ethical values
A brief history and context of your chosen technology
A reflection of what you learned from your research
An abridged assessment of the equity impact of your technology
Key points in your code of ethics
A summary of your key recommendations
A conclusion with final thoughts
References in APA style
For this presentation you will provide an audio narration of approximately 8–10 minutes. There are a variety of ways to add audio narration, but using the Record Audio feature in PowerPoint is highly recommended for its simplicity and ease of use. If you wish to use something else, please check with your instructor first.
Effective presentations will include the following elements.
Well-designed, well-balanced slides that incorporate visual aids and text harmoniously
In-slide references to sources
Clear, confident audio narration
Correct use of grammar, spelling, and punctuation 6
Literature Review: Electric Vehicles
The history of the electric car can be traced back to 1828 when Anyos Jedlik created a small model car that was powered by an electric motor (Costa et al., 2021). Throughout the years, improvements in battery technology, road infrastructure, and various government regulations, among other factors have resulted in the electric vehicle overcoming numerous barriers to be adopted by manufacturers and consumers alike. Electric vehicles have always been promoted as the future of road transportation in a world that is constantly taking climate change seriously and doing all it can to reduce greenhouse and carbon emissions. In this regard, this paper presents a literature review on electric vehicles to find out various trends associated with the technology. The sources used in the review are all scholarly and peer-reviewed, which means they are reputable, credible, and valid.
There are certain key points of agreement among the sources. For instance, the technology of electric vehicles is being promoted by various stakeholders who assert that it presents certain advantages to society (Lebeau et al., 2013; Soltani-Sobh et al., 2017). For starters, the vehicles have a low cost of ownership and are significantly cheaper to run. This is because the cost of manufacturing and maintaining them is considerably lower than that of fuel-powered vehicles. The regenerative braking systems also present significant energy savings to the users. Additionally, electric vehicles will positively impact culture and society by reducing the carbon footprint of vehicles in the world (Soltani-Sobh et al., 2017). Electric vehicles are eco-friendly since they utilize renewable energy. They are very silent and do not produce smoke, thus, they do not cause noise and air pollution. There are other potential gains including helping in the fight against climate change by facilitating a reduction of the released greenhouse gases into the air.
Another notable point of agreement among the sources is the problem presented by batteries. According to Lebeau et al., (2013), batteries are the biggest problem to the wide adoption of electric vehicles. The issue of capacity presents a huge problem due to issues of limited storage and high costs. The distance covered by an electric car with a full charge of batteries is significantly less compared to the distance covered by a fuel-powered vehicle with a full tank of gasoline. More so, the electric vehicle charging infrastructure is still limited compared to petrol station infrastructure. Consequently, Hu and Tang (2017) reveal that the development of cheaper, more efficient, and higher capacity batteries is vital in extending the autonomy of electric vehicles, which will allow all stakeholders to perceive this technology as a feasible alternative to what the internal combustion engine vehicles currently offer.
This explains how many major manufacturers such as Bosch, Sony, Tesla, and Panasonic, among others, are investing heavily in the development of cheaper and improved batteries. This is because the battery pack happens to be the most expensive component in the electric vehicle and also happens to be the limiting factor in how far an electric vehicle can go. Hence, all relevant sources reviewed agree that solving the problems associated with the battery pack in electric vehicles will be instrumental in pushing the world to fully accept the electric vehicle technology allowing it to be as mainstream as the fuel-powered vehicles have been over the years (Hu & Tang, 2017; Lebeau et al., (2013).
However, there are a few key points of disagreement among the sources. For example, there is the issue of electric vehicle consumer awareness and relevant outreach activities. According to Soltani-Sobh et al. (2017), governments across the globe are implementing various policies to promote the adoption of electric vehicle technology and minimize the world’s dependence on oil, enhancing the quality of air, and decreasing greenhouse gas emissions. This explains the rise in the annual sales of electric vehicles in the world. However, Wang, Tang, and Pan (2019) note that governments across the world have done little to promote the adoption of electric vehicles in the world. Wang, Tang, and Pan (2019) argue that the booming oil business is the main reason why governments are poor in their efforts to push for the widespread adoption of electric vehicles. This implies that many governments across the world may not be fully committed to fighting climate change and promoting sustainability in society.
There are certain sources, which appear to be outliers because they bring up issues or make assertions that the other sources do not discuss. One of the main topics that such sources bring up is the issue of the ethical aspects surrounding the production and manufacture of electric vehicles. While many sources focus on the benefits of these vehicles to society and the efforts to promote their adoption, a few of them reveal the negative aspects of the technology. Specifically, some of the raw materials used in the vehicles are not sourced in reputable or ethical ways. For instance, cobalt is a major component of the batteries used in electric vehicle technology. Most of the cobalt used is sourced in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Gourley, Or, & Chen, 2020). The workers who mine are placed in inhumane conditions and the revenue collected does not even enrich the country but goes to foreign nations. More so, there have been numerous cases of child labor in these mines.
Based on the articles reviewed, the ones that appear to be the most powerful or influential are the ones from scholarly journals because they are deemed highly authoritative by other sources. Out of all the sources reviewed, there is none whose assertions seem dubious, illogical, or unsupported by the facts. Overall, despite the negative ethical issues highlighted above, the thinking about electric cars has significantly changed over time to be more positive with a variety of beliefs having fallen out of favor, for instance, the belief that the vehicles are very expensive and cannot compete with fuel-powered vehicles with regard to power and efficiency.
Costa, C. M., Barbosa, J. C., Castro, H., Gonçalves, R., & Lanceros-Méndez, S. (2021). Electric vehicles: To what extent are environmentally friendly and cost-effective?–Comparative study by European countries. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 151, 111548.
Gourley, S. W. D., Or, T., & Chen, Z. (2020). Breaking free from cobalt reliance in lithium-ion batteries. iScience, 23(9), 101505.
Hu, X., & Tang, X. (2017). Review of modeling techniques for lithium-ion traction batteries in electric vehicles. J. Mech. Eng, 53, 20-31.
Lebeau, K., Van Mierlo, J., Lebeau, P., Mairesse, O., & Macharis, C. (2013). Consumer attitudes towards battery electric vehicles: A large-scale survey. International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, 5(1), 28-41.
Soltani-Sobh, A., Heaslip, K., Stevanovic, A., Bosworth, R., & Radivojevic, D. (2017). Analysis of the electric vehicles adoption over the United States. Transportation Research Procedia, 22, 203-212.
Wang, N., Tang, L., & Pan, H. (2019). A global comparison and assessment of incentive policy on electric vehicle promotion. Sustainable Cities and Society, 44, 597-603.