finance please consider the IMP Changes for the case study :  > Update: The cost of new machine Delta is 135,000 instead of 140,000 given in the case. 

finance please consider the IMP Changes for the case study :

 > Update: The cost of new machine Delta is 135,000 instead of 140,000 given in the case. 

>  You may assume discount rate as 12% and tax rate as 30%. 

Also what exact to be done is stated in the guidelines please check the same. 9B16N010

MAGIC TIMBER AND STEEL: INVESTMENT EVALUATION WITH NET
PRESENT VALUE

Scott McCarthy wrote this case solely to provide material for class discussion. The author does not intend to illustrate either effective
or ineffective handling of a managerial situation. The author may have disguised certain names and other identifying information to
protect confidentiality.

This publication may not be transmitted, photocopied, digitized or otherwise reproduced in any form or by any means without the
permission of the copyright holder. Reproduction of this material is not covered under authorization by any reproduction rights
organization. To order copies or request permission to reproduce materials, contact Ivey Publishing, Ivey Business School, Western
University, London, Ontario, Canada, N6G 0N1; (t) 519.661.3208; (e) cases@ivey.ca; www.iveycases.com.

Copyright © 2015, Richard Ivey School of Business Foundation Version: 2016-04-21

THE COMPANY

Magic Timber and Steel (Magic) was formed in 1999 in Caloundra on the Queensland Sunshine Coast,
Australia.1 Located about 100 kilometres (60 miles) north of the state capital of Brisbane, the coast was
known for its clean, protected beaches and safe waters. The business peaked in terms of sales revenue in
about 2011, and went on to experience a steady decrease in turnover that was attributed to a number of
reasons, including infrastructure issues on the coast and a slowing in the tourism market.

To reinvigorate the business, in early 2015, Magic’s owner, John Davidson, believed his company required
an investment in fixed assets, specifically, a large finisher that would increase capacity and reduce
maintenance. Since the new machine required a large financial investment, Davidson used the net present
value method to determine whether the purchase would add value to the firm. In addition, he needed to
consider some important qualitative factors before a decision could be made.

MAGIC TIMBER AND STEEL PTY. LTD.

Magic’s original owners, John Davidson and Kelly Peters, leased the company’s first premises on the site
of a disused service station, and specialized in packs of “seconds” timber that was sold to the retail market
at discounted prices. The business was successful and eventually outgrew the small premises.

In July 2002, Magic purchased an industrial block of land that was approximately 10 times the size of the
leased premises and on which was built a large, secure shed. The owners decided to move on from the
timber packs and instead set up the new location as a timber yard. As the business continued to grow,
Davidson and Peters began stocking hardware supplies and purchased a large Scania truck that could be
used for picking up products and providing delivery service. Magic also invested in a range of machinery.

1 According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, there were 2,100,162 actively trading businesses in Australia in June
2014. Of these, nearly 99 per cent were identified as small and medium-sized enterprises, defined as having fewer than 200
employees. The sector was very important to the growth of the Australian economy and employed about 70 per cent of the
Australian workforce. “Counts of Australian Businesses, Including Entries and Exits — June 2010 to June 2014,” Australian
Bureau of Statistics, February 3, 2015, accessed August 4, 2015,
www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/8165.0Jun%202010%20to%20Jun%202014.

A
u
th

o
ri
ze

d
f

o
r

u
se

o
n
ly

b
y

S
im

a
rj
o
t

S
id

h
u
in

F
N

C
E

6
2
3
a

t
U

n
iv

e
rs

ity
C

a
n
a
d
a
W

e
st

f
ro

m
1

0
/1

2
/2

0
2
1
t

o
1

2
/1

3
/2

0
2
1
.

U
se

o
u
ts

id
e
t

h
e
se

p
a
ra

m
e
te

rs
is

a
c

o
p
yr

ig
h
t

vi
o
la

tio
n
.

Page 2 9B16N010

While the owners were happy to pay out a large sum of money for a new Scania, they decided to purchase
only secondhand machinery. As the business grew, they preferred to limit the staff to themselves, one other
permanent employee, and two casual employees who would work on an on-call basis, as demand required.

For Magic, the timing of its growth was fortuitous because the Sunshine Coast was undergoing a rapid
residential building expansion in response to a 10 per cent per annum population growth in 2002, 2003, and
2004.2 During this growth phase for the company, Magic earned a reputation for being a supplier of discount
products, and soon, the company had acquired a substantial core of builders as its customers. The smaller
retail market continued to grow, but proportionally became a lower contributor to Magic’s sales activity. In
2005, Davidson bought Peters’ share of the company and became the sole shareholder. As part of the
agreement, Peters kept the Scania truck, along with the debt associated with it.

Around 2011, Magic’s business peaked in terms of sales revenue and then experienced a steady decrease
in turnover (see Exhibit 1).3 This decline was attributed to a number of reasons, including infrastructure
issues on the coast, a slowdown in the tourism industry, and a decrease in population growth (less than 4
per cent in 2011); however, the Sunshine Coast still remained one of Australia’s fastest-growing regions.
As a result of the declining economic environment, a number of builders who held accounts with Magic
went into liquidation, leaving the company with bad debts that had to be written off or placed on payment
plans, a situation that had a significant impact on Magic’s own financial situation. Around the same time,
a large Australian publicly listed retailer, Wesfarmers Limited, opened one of its large Bunnings Warehouse
Stores (Bunnings) within two kilometres of Magic’s premises. Bunnings was similar to North America’s
Home Depot, and was a direct competitor to Magic.

During 2013 and 2014, in an effort to reinvigorate Magic, Davidson undertook an increased marketing
campaign that included print and radio. He also added steel to Magic’s product line, which necessitated the
purchase of a large laser cutting machine that required a significant capital outlay of $300,000.4 Davidson
continued to promote his business as distinguishing itself from the larger competitors by providing personal
service, and he strived to give an impression of a successful, professional business.

While a number of similar-sized competitors left the market, thanks to Davidson’s experience and the
company’s significant stock holding, Magic was able to stay solvent. Subsequently, as business became
more difficult, Davidson actively sought to reduce Magic’s stock levels, replacing them only as the market
demanded rather than holding a diverse range. Not surprisingly, this approach to inventory control meant
that some customers shopped elsewhere since Magic did not stock what they needed to purchase. Davidson
accepted this reality and continued with his strategy of stocking core items at good prices and offering
expert, friendly assistance.

THE ISSUE

While the move into the steel business had proved relatively successful due to Magic’s state-of-the-art
machinery, the older timber equipment was showing its age and becoming more troublesome — in
particular, the large finisher. A report offered by the machine’s manufacturer suggested that the machine
could be reinvigorated; however, Davidson wondered whether the company should instead invest in a new
machine that would offer increased capability and reduced maintenance. Davidson believed this new
machine would turn Magic’s fortunes around and return it to the revenue levels achieved a number of years

2 “Sunshine Coast, State of the Region 2013,” Regional Development Australia, accessed August 4, 2015,
www.rdasunshinecoast.org.au.
3 Davidson had forecast future revenues and profits based on the trend of the recent years, and he predicted that net profit
would fall below his acceptable minimum amount of $200,000 in 2017.
4 All currency amounts are in AU$ unless otherwise stated.

A
u
th

o
ri
ze

d
f

o
r

u
se

o
n
ly

b
y

S
im

a
rj
o
t

S
id

h
u
in

F
N

C
E

6
2
3
a

t
U

n
iv

e
rs

ity
C

a
n
a
d
a
W

e
st

f
ro

m
1

0
/1

2
/2

0
2
1
t

o
1

2
/1

3
/2

0
2
1
.

U
se

o
u
ts

id
e
t

h
e
se

p
a
ra

m
e
te

rs
is

a
c

o
p
yr

ig
h
t

vi
o
la

tio
n
.

Page 3 9B16N010

ago. The new machine required a significant outlay, however, and it was this investment decision that
Davidson had to consider.

Existing Machine

The existing machine was a Matrix 750. The Matrix had been purchased secondhand when it was five years
old. Davidson was particularly concerned with staff safety and was reluctant to allow other staff members
to use this machine because this particular model was known to be very sensitive to the angle of the timber
and would kick back severely if the lumber was not correctly positioned. Davidson had not experienced
this particular problem since owning the machine.

A competitor had offered $35,000 cash for the machine, an amount that represented its current book value.
If Davidson opted to keep the machine, Magic would continue to claim depreciation of $6,000 per year for
each of the next five years, at which point the machine would be unserviceable and would be sold for $5,000
as scrap. If Davidson elected to keep and repair the old machine, it would require $28,000 to be spent
immediately and $7,000 in regular maintenance in each of the next five years. In Year 3, the machine would
require another investment of $4,000 for a larger scheduled service.

New Machine

The new machine under consideration was a Delta A390, which offered an increase in capacity of 40 per
cent. This capacity was probably in excess of Magic’s needs, although the business would make some use
of it. Also, the new machine allowed the possibility of obtaining some custom work for a specialist
woodcrafter.

The new machine cost $140,000, and the tax office allowed straight line depreciation of 10 per cent per
annum. After five years, Magic would sell the Delta for $60,000. Given that the company selling the
machine to Magic operated in a very competitive market, it was willing to negotiate on the terms of a
maintenance plan. The seller offered fixed pricing starting at $2,000 in the first year, increasing by $1,000
per year (payable at year end). To fund the purchase, Magic’s bank offered a 6 per cent per annum loan to
be repaid as interest-only payments for five years, with the full principal repayable at the end of the loan
period.

Given the technological advancements of the Delta over the Matrix, Davidson expected that he could
achieve significant savings in both labour and electricity costs. For labour, in the first year, Davidson
forecasted a 10 per cent cost reduction (the existing rate was $30 per hour), based on a 35-hour week in a
50-week year. This labour saving would then increase by a fixed $250 each year.

For electricity, in the first year, the saving was expected to be 10 per cent as well. Electricity costs averaged
$5.625 per hour, 24 hours a day, seven days a week, in a 50-week year. This electricity saving would then
increase by a fixed $75 each year.

THE DECISION

While Davidson felt enthusiastic about the upcoming possibilities for Magic, he had some concerns about
the new level of debt, not just regarding the size of the loan, but also with respect to what that commitment
meant for the business in terms of future opportunities. Davidson believed that if new business arose as a
result of the increased capacity, the debt repayments could be comfortably met — but the market conditions
and the competitive nature of Bunnings concerned him. However, he also realized that if he opted to do
nothing, the company’s declining revenue trend of the last few years would most likely continue. Should
Magic go ahead with the investment in the new machinery?

A
u
th

o
ri
ze

d
f

o
r

u
se

o
n
ly

b
y

S
im

a
rj
o
t

S
id

h
u
in

F
N

C
E

6
2
3
a

t
U

n
iv

e
rs

ity
C

a
n
a
d
a
W

e
st

f
ro

m
1

0
/1

2
/2

0
2
1
t

o
1

2
/1

3
/2

0
2
1
.

U
se

o
u
ts

id
e
t

h
e
se

p
a
ra

m
e
te

rs
is

a
c

o
p
yr

ig
h
t

vi
o
la

tio
n
.

Page 4 9B16N010

EXHIBIT 1: MAGIC REVENUE AND NET PROFIT

Actual Revenue and Net Profit for Magic (in dollars): 2009–2015

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Revenue 800,000 880,500 945,000 865,000 820,750 780,000 730,000

Net Profit 350,000 400,000 460,000 390,000 365,000 325,000 290,000

Forecast Revenue and Net Profit for Magic: 2016–2018

2016 2017 2018
Revenue 680,000 630,000 550,000
Net Profit 250,000 190,000 140,000

Actual and Forecast Revenue, Net Profit, and Minimum Acceptable Profit for Magic: 2009–2018

Source: Created by case author based on company files.

0

100000

200000

300000

400000

500000

600000

700000

800000

900000

1000000

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Revenue

Net Profit

Min Profit

A
u
th

o
ri
ze

d
f

o
r

u
se

o
n
ly

b
y

S
im

a
rj
o
t

S
id

h
u
in

F
N

C
E

6
2
3
a

t
U

n
iv

e
rs

ity
C

a
n
a
d
a
W

e
st

f
ro

m
1

0
/1

2
/2

0
2
1
t

o
1

2
/1

3
/2

0
2
1
.

U
se

o
u
ts

id
e
t

h
e
se

p
a
ra

m
e
te

rs
is

a
c

o
p
yr

ig
h
t

vi
o
la

tio
n
.

Looking for this or a Similar Assignment? Click below to Place your Order