Effectiveness Of Use editing research proposal Running head: Human Anatomy Education

editing  research proposal 

Running head: Human Anatomy Education 1

Human Anatomy Education 6

The effectiveness of use plastinated prosections on student perception in human anatomy course

Background of the study

In a very long time, the role of human anatomy education in the development of preservation methods for educational prosection in the curriculum has considerably changed. In a number of schools, the active dissection of cadaveric specimens is slowly getting replaced by the methods of prosection and the e-learning resources. Recently, medical schools have been obtaining a big number of plastinated prosections collection so that they can replace the cadaveric specimens in the study of anatomy among the undergraduates (Bradbury & Hoshino, 2018). Plastination method was developed revolutionizing the use of the cadaveric specimens. This method includes removal of water and fats which are later replaced by curable polymers which results to odorless, dryness and durability of the specimens. These inventions and innovations have not only led to the extension of the educational processes in the medical environment, but have also opened new avenues for more development in the field (Hammer, et al.2012).

As much as many institutions have added plastinated prosections as a factor to consider in the teaching of undergraduate education, little attempts have been put in place to determine the effectiveness of using plastinated prosections on students’ knowledge acquisition and long term retention in anatomy education. Moreover, there is lack of studies to evaluate the efficacy of plastinated prosection in the comprehensive understanding of the human anatomy. Therefore, the aim is to determine the efficacy of using plastinated prosection on students’ perception in human anatomy course.

Purpose of the study

The purpose of the study is to assess plastinated prosection method on students’ knowledge acquisition in teaching of human anatomy. In order to understand the plastinated prosection method, the study has to be carried out to compare the traditional methods to the modern methods and rate how the students would understand human anatomy in different methods of educational prosection.

Significance of the study

Most schools have moved to the new methods of preservation in educational prosection. This has led to reduction in the hours that allocated to cadaver dissection as the cadaver dissection is being replaced by simulators and only prosections. These developments in the prosection methods will make it easy for students to understand the whole idea of prosection in details.

Most of the teachers claim that since they started their careers, the incorporation of the new methods in education of prosection to complement the traditional ways of teaching anatomy has helped the students to have a positive approach in learning and makes the students to understand the human body more (Ikeda, et al. 1988).

Objectives of the research and hypotheses

1. To assess outcomes of using the plastinated prosection on student’s perception in human anatomy education

2. To outline the advantages of usage plastinated prosection in human anatomy education.

3. To outline the issues that are involved in choosing the plastinated prosection in anatomy education .

4. To identify the key areas that are involved in the study of preservation methods in prosection.


For the study to be successful different methods will be employed. A questionnaire will be developed by different groups of the teaching faculty and then they will be distributed online to the students who study human anatomy to get their response in the plastinated prosection methods of human anatomy. The students will be required to fill the questionnaires anonymously. In the questionnaires, the students will be required to fill information regarding their previous experience with cadaveric specimens, different methods used in cadaveric preservation such as plastinated prosection They will also be asked their view in the learning of human anatomy in general.

After the questionnaire exercise, purposeful sampling will be carried out to recruit students for the purpose of focus. An email will be sent to the students inviting them to attend to the sessions where they will be required to carry out some experiments to determine the different methods of preservation of educational prosection. They will be later put in groups to discuss the following questions:

1. Discuss the experience in learning anatomy with wet cadaveric specimens.

2. Discuss the experience in learning anatomy with plastinated prosection .

The audios will be recorded for the group discussions for future reference.


In conclusion, it is time to evaluate the efficiency of using plastinated prosection on student knowledge acquisition. Several preservation methods can be adopted in the study of prosection in the human anatomy so as to carry out different purposes. The use of body coolers by the use of low temperatures and the use standard high formalin concentrated formulae are just a few of the examples of preservation that have been in use and are evolving as time changes. There are also researches being carried out in order to come up with other and better methods that will bring solution to most of the problems. It is clearly seen the developments of methods of preservation for educational prosection and their impact to the students and teachers as well. They have a lot of learning positive effects and there is need of inventing other methods to make educational prosection more interesting to not only the learners but also the teachers.


Bradbury SA, Hoshino K.(2018) An improved embalming procedure for long-lasting preservation of the cadaver for anatomical study. Acta Anat (Basel);101:97-103.

Frølich KW, Andersen LM, Knutsen A, et al. (2014) Phenoxyethanol as a nontoxic substitute for formaldehyde in long-term preservation of human anatomical specimens for dissection and demonstration purposes. Anat Rec;208:271-278.

Ikeda A, Ugawa A, Kazihara Y, et al. (1988) Arterial patterns in the hand based on a three-dimensional analysis of 220 cadaver hands. J Hand Surg; 13:501-509.

Hammer N, Loffler S, Feja C, et al.(2012) Ethanol-glycerin fixation with thymol conservation: a potential alternative to formaldehyde and phenol embalming. Anat Sci Educ;5:225-233.

Shi KQ, Shao SX, Yin WG. (2018) An improved non-formaldehyde tissue p r e s e r v a ti v e . Ad v Ma t Re s;356:360-363.

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