Corrections replies 1. Overall, there are twenty seven states that still have the death penalty as of today.  There are states that still have the death p

Corrections replies 1. Overall, there are twenty seven states that still have the death penalty as of today.  There are states that still have the death penalty from all regions of the country.  The Northeast has the least amount states that still have the death penalty.  Pennsylvania is the only state located in the Northeast that still has the death penalty.  The South has the next least amount of states that still has the death penalty.  Those states are Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas, and Oklahoma.  The Midwest has seven states that still have the death penalty in effect.  Those states include Louisiana, Ohio, Indiana, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, and South Dakota.  The last two regions both have the same number of states with the death penalty in effect.  Those regions are the West and the Southeast.  The Western states that still have the death penalty in effect are Nevada, Arizona, Utah, Wyoming, Montana, Idaho, Oregon, and California.  The Southeastern states that still have the death penalty in effect are North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Tennessee, and Kentucky.  
I believe that there is more of a political explanation for which states that still have the death penalty in effect.  I believe this because when you compare a map of which states have the death penalty still in effect with a map of which states are democratic versus republican, the states that have the death penalty still in effect match similarly to the states that are democratic.

2. A pattern I have noticed with the 27 states with the death penalty still active in 2021 is the eastern portion of the map are concentrated in lower-middle states and the western are from top to bottom. Anything higher towards north towards Canada aside from Montana and Idaho. Another states that known for crop growth stability. Listed are all of the 27 states; Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Wyoming. As a personal opinion, I would have to lean more towards a political reason with a minor influence in racial as to why the 27 states still retain the death penalty. Reasons vary from the idea of those who commit atrocities are rewarded execution to their crime. As well as a heavier enforcer to deter criminal behaviour, morality and serving justice to grieving families of the victim.

3. Based on my findings from the map provided by Death Penalty Info, 27 states use the death penalty. Most of the states that inhabit the penalty are in the middle of The United States. The states that acquire the penalty are, Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Wyoming. I also have to mention that the majority of these states are landlocked. I noticed that the states that don’t have the death penalty are closer to Canada as well as the East Coast. May also be worthy to note that some of the states that don’t have the penalty are popular tourist destinations. For example, New York for the bright lights in the city, New Jersey for the summer bennys, the District of Columbia for the White House and more historical establishments, as well as Hawaii for the beautiful beaches. 
I do not see this as race based but more so political based. The Constitution allows the death penalty so when it is imposed, it is not seen as inhumane or unjust. I say that politics are involved because Governors can grant clemency for death row inmates as well as even pardon someone or reduce their sentence. Reducing a sentence can also entail taking someone off of death row. In instances were there are federal cases, the federal government is involved in sentencing strategies. Inmates can sit on death row for years because there are tons of appeals out their waiting to be heard and seen. 
4. When looking at the map and seeing what patterns there are for the death penalty for the states that have it, and the states that don’t. The pattern both is that there is somewhat of a divide between the two with a lot more southern states with a few exceptions still having the death penality and for the states that don’t have the penality majority of them are located in the northern states with again a few exceptions. As well as there being a clear divide with more republican based states having the death penalty, and more democratic based states not having the death penalty. I personally believe that this is more of a political explanation for the patterns showing that the country is still drastically divide between republican states and as well as democratic states and that majority of them have drasticly different viewpoints.

5. Based on the states that do allow the death penalty, there are a few patterns that jump out to me. The first pattern is that a large majority of death penalty states are in the South. The second pattern I noticed is that many of the states that allow the death penalty are also predominantly rural states, compared to the states that do not allow the death penalty. (I find this interesting because, in a sociology class, I learned that rural areas tend to have the highest levels of deviance in their society.) 
I have personally done a lot of independent research into the death penalty, and I do feel that there are political and racial patterns. Firstly, a majority of the states that allow the death penalty tend to lean red (republican) in elections. People who align with republican ideologies also tend to agree with the ideas of retribution, which makes sense that they would support the death penalty. Race is also a very interesting factor when it comes to the death penalty. According to the US census, people who are white make up 76.3% of the U.S. population, whereas people who are African-American make up only 13.4% of the US population (US Census Bureau, 2019). However, when you look at the racial statistics of people on death row, people who are white and people who are Black make up nearly the same percentage (Death Penalty Information Center, 2021). If the death penalty was not racially biased, then we would expect to see roughly 76% of people on death row be white and only 13% be Black.

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