7 Pages Due By 8 DECEMBER 8 AM TORONTO TIME ONLY HIGH EXPERTS CONTACT ME  Midterm paper and rubric sorry to more articles that were missed. I have


Midterm paper and rubric

sorry to more articles that were missed. I have to send separately as they are big

i there here are some notes I took breaking down the assignment. And a rough outline i have including some notes/ideas to incorporate into the paper as well as the books and other articles you need for referencing in the paper. 

-Your location- how you came to be . Some of the core relations you have -feel joyful, happy etc

– through the course of your life where has it taken you- a happy trend or not a happy trend.

-what happened or what caused it. For example a student said doesn’t know what happiness is about , just struggles.

So basically talking about yourself, putting your self in a ring with other writers-in terms of what they are saying

-what are the pieces of the text that connect/support in target with what you are saying.

-valuable in life-why-how did you get there

-who you connect with. How will you apply it to the client or social work.

-Ahmed a promise of happiness-use as a jump of point then bring in other course material.

Writing about self, parts sad but you see, talk about connections, power dynamics in the relationship you formed. Where you sit/fit in in this relationship.

Readings  that can be used. 



millions- use this as a form of moving forward-go into the ring with that writing to connect with it.

Talking about yourself, bring in your life exp from an early age, talk about change and what caused that change to occur.

Some chapters to look at are citizenship- thobani book maybe



-happy objects

For citizenship and culture we can add oppressed under own culture.

Some points to add(consider)

* social work based on reducing the life we have to bearable unbearable (from Happy queer chapter Ahmed book)

*My intersectionality, person of color and disabled

*Western perspective Individualism-experiences not so much about making family happy but make self happy whereas in East African culture emphasis was placed on chasing collective happiness. 

-I come from a guilt culture that relies on ‘guilt’ to rely the idea of conformity; a form of social control that impacts our relationship; navigate shame, navigate guilt. everything translates to guilt because there are so many unachievable standards and being happy is guilty pleasure.

My Values: Empathy, social justice, service to others (you can add something else if you want)

Some paragraphs that i had maybe you can use them

From childhood, we have all been conditioned to express the sense of happiness. These feelings are expressed by a grin, hug, kiss, or a simple thank you. Playtime is one of the most unforgettable aspects of childhood. This is the stage during which children develop their creativity, learn to solve issues, and form social ties with their classmates. They also learn to control their anger through play, the very thing that makes children happy. These qualities, when combined, play an important role in the development of happy children and, ultimately, well-rounded individuals. Gray (2014) 

Much of my childhood was spent having fun and doing childish things, but when these activities weren’t taking place, my parents were discreetly teaching me how to be self-sufficient. They began with minor things, such as assigning me chores and obligations, and then progressed to larger things, such as expecting me to get to school on time. A lack of restrictions gave me a lot of freedom, but it also raised the moral standards that my parents put on me. Overall, the independence afforded to me by my parents while I was still a child was a wonderful experience that taught me responsibility, motivation, and management skills.

Despite significant external hardship, the last two and a half years of my life have been the most consistently happy I have ever known. I find that I cope with problems more swiftly than in the past, and that I recover from disappointments more rapidly.

Here’s how I’d sum up the main point: Begin each day by asking yourself two questions: “What’s good in my life?” and “What’s bad in my life?” & “What should be done?” The first question directs our attention to the good. The second reminds us that we are responsible for our own lives and well-being.

There are times in everyone’s lives when they encounter something that profoundly changes them or the way they think. People are involved in these types of events that occur in your life, and they play a significant role in them. I’ve had several life situations that have caused me to change the way I do things and think, but there is one specific event that comes to mind that has absolutely affected me.

If I had been asked this question two years ago, I would have given a different response; but, since moving to a country where cultural identity and affinity with one’s culture are overt and conveyed in conversation on a regular basis, I have grown accustomed to daily self-reflection. Living here has made me more aware of who I am and where I came from than any other place I have lived. As a result, I am reminded on a daily basis that my culture differs from those in my community and family, but I am embraced by and embrace the individuals I encounter. Privilege, security, plenty, education, and sustenance all contribute to my cultural identity. I recognise the differences between my husband’s and mine upbringing and understand how family and culture may alter one’s perspective of the world. Based on my experiences, I have a positive outlook on life. In contrast, My spouse, on the other hand, has a negative outlook on life based on his experiences.

Cultural identity is fluid, and each interaction in life adds a new layer to an already diversified identity mosaic. As a result of my lived experiences, my cultural identity has evolved over the course of my life. I was born and raised in Africa  (talk about life there and privielges held…check the midterm paper for more information)

I’m conscious that happiness is an emotion, and like any other feeling, it only lasts for a short time. However, when it came to deciding what I wanted to be when I grew up, I knew I wanted to help people find pleasure. This may sound cliche, but I feel that when one is happy, everything else follows. Since I was a teenager, psychology has piqued my interest. The benefit of speaking to someone who is objective and there to listen with the only intention of ultimately helping someone find happiness and peace within is exactly what I hope to accomplish for the rest of my life. Time Cure, by Psychologist Philip Zambardo and Clinicians Richard and Rosemary Sword, was a book I once read. Where they demonstrated a step-by-step method that demonstrated how we may change the way we think about the past, present, and future in order to achieve greater success. (CAN WE USE THIS PARAGARPH TO TIE IN HOW WE WILL APPLY IT TO THE CLIENT OR SOCIAL WOR

-other points: being a person of color how does it affect me in terms of employment especially since I have a disability
-talk about having to endure so many procedures to make ourselves white. fair- as white is looked at with respect and privileged
– talk about kids as Canadians their experiences as “white kids as compared to myself.
-what did you give up so kids can have a good life…eg my mother tongue to make my husband happy and make sure that my kids mother tongw would be english and french so they could fit better in their fathers culture.

my kids are biracial White dad so privileged as they are white and have light hair in comparison to me who is dark skinned and curly hair.
Im happy that my kids will never have to struggle the way i did when i migrated to fit in this society, where I had to work hard to be happy and fit in they were born to this privielge and will never know struggles like I did Mid Term Paper 1

Zafrin Mundy,

Midterm paper

SOWK 5030- oppression and Intersectionality

Antoinette Clarke BSW, MSW, RSW

Submission date: Tuesday, November 9, 2021



I am an African Muslim woman with mixed ancestry and identify as a Black cisgender

female, which places me in a minority group in society. On the contrary, I am in the majority based

on my race, religion, ethnicity, and socioeconomic class because I was born into a wealthy family

in Tanzania before emigrating to Canada.

As Charon states, “Prestige is based on the judgement of others, as to what is more

valued: male or female? White or nonwhite? Rich or poor?” (Charon, 2013, p78)

In cultures with minority groups, black and gender have a more considerable significance, and

they have a significant relationship and connection to my personal experiences. Gender roles are

modified by culture, which makes the topic more engaging, in my opinion. Because we are black,

we are forced into social relationships that are not amicable because of our skin color. Color and

gender are part of a moral economy in which different humans identify various qualities in heavily

weighted social interactions.

Being born a Muslim, conservatism is ingrained in our culture, particularly among women,

who follow several rigorous observances. Women should be regulated in all spheres of life,

according to my culture’s politicized belief. Due to a culture that has nurtured male dominance

over other women, men have always favored females in terms of possibilities and carrying on the

family name. My personal experience was that because I am a daughter, I have always been

considered submissive to my male siblings, as males are considered superior in our culture. As a

result, no matter how intelligent, pretty, or strong a woman is, she will always be submissive to

the men in her life. My mother, for example, always favored my brothers, and I missed out on

Commented [AC1]: Thanks for explaining

Commented [AC2]: √



numerous opportunities at school and sporting events as a result. Furthermore, girls are not

permitted to express their opinions.

I link these experiences with Thobani’s chapter on National’s citizens and others where

black women were only allowed to immigrate as domestic workers and in the company of their

families. (Thobani, 2007 p.92). Another linkage was women with Asian cultural roots were not

allowed to immigrate to any country unless they established a relationship with a male relative or

counterpart. They were denied the freedom to make the best decisions for their own economic and

social well-being (Thobani, 2007 131).

Women in the immigrant community were similarly oppressed by being denied more

comprehensive options outside of the home; women were naturally and culturally referred to as a

family and historically bound more patriarchal dominated by men. Cultural beliefs, I believe, had

a role in Canadian society when it came to immigrant women, who were stereotyped as timid and

too obedient in their communities due to their backward cultures and traditions. (Thobani, 2007

131). Women of Asian descent have long been judged on their ability to reproduce. My personal

experiences strongly relate to the situation where women may be allowed to immigrate just as

wives, with no independent freedom to mobility. Women have traditionally been oppressed, with

the family functioning as the feminine gender’s primary domicile. These are cultural beliefs that

have infiltrated the socioeconomic lives of genders and have been developed to regulate children

and women at home. However, a few women were able to find support and independence in their

families and communities despite severe legal restrictions. Even after the postwar growth of

Canada’s specialized social program, immigrants from the United States continued to arrive

(Baines, 2011).

Commented [AC3]: Thanks for sharing

Commented [AC4]: Good



Subjectivity is defined as social and historical contingent shaped in and through a social

relationship with some fragmented and contradictions in perpetual motion. Foucault’s radical

theorization of subjectivity within modernity as influenced by the coming together of knowledge

and power within discursive formations is cited by any current theorist (Thobani, 2007). For

example, I feel that intense feminist oppression among women in some societies has been

characterized to fit the subject’s behaviors. In most circumstances, biopower pervades specific

behaviors, reactions, and compartments, shaping the parameters for the subject. Subjectivity

cannot be achieved without placing oneself into the context of power that shapes it. This is heavily

related to my cultural background, in which I believe certain ideals were established to align with

specific capabilities. Although transitions to control, subjects shaping, and management of

activities are occurring in the modern era. Feminists have had a polarized reaction to Foucault’s

discourse, power, and subjectivity (Thobani, 2007). Some have praised his insights for

undermining the traditional rationalist rights-based paradigm, which they see as inherently

exclusive. In contrast, others have vehemently rejected them as incompatible with the feminist

political project.

Individual subjects can construct their subjectivity as the embodiment and actualization of

exalted traits through the actions that enable exalted characteristics to be writ large on the nation’s

political identity. The institutionalization of specific “excellent” attributes shapes the range of

possibilities this subject can strive to unite and consolidate its subjectivity through nationality

(Thobani, 2007). The state’s institutions aid the process by recognizing these attributes and

reflecting them to the subject to measure its human merit. Exaltation thus offers an attendance with

both form and content.

Commented [AC5]: How does this relate to your subject



Since relocating to Canada, I’ve faced numerous forms of oppression. When I originally

applied for employment, I was always turned down because I didn’t have any Canadian experience,

not because I wasn’t competent. This happened a few times before I inquired directly at one

interview to get the necessary Canadian work experience. How could I earn experience if no one

was willing to give me a chance? I eventually obtained a low-paying job, but I couldn’t rise to a

better position until I returned to school in Toronto. From Canadians and my own family and

community, I was subjected to much oppression. In the chapter, welfare of Nationals ((Thobani,

2007, p. 106), I feel my situation connects strongly with the first track link with full-time

employment. Male employees have disproportionately greater access to the programs.

On the other hand, women are more likely to choose the second track, organized around

need rather than contributions and give access via income testing. Besides, I can relate that these

initiatives support the maintenance of the wage system with the adult male worker at its center,

defining women primarily as wives and mothers with a weak relationship to the labor market

Nationals (Thobani, 2007, p. 106). In addition, all laws put across in Canadian society, particularly

for governing women, were termed as non-existent. In addition, women were not allowed to decide

or participate in politics, which is strongly related to what I have been through (Thobani, 2007, p.


As a black female, my mobility/migration to Canada has been limited by the number of

existing policies. Similarly, Indigenous were denied citizenship for close to a century because of

color (Thobani, 2007, p. 74). In a few instances where they were allowed to be erratic or by

exceptional matters. There have also been preferences regarding race that can be given citizenship

in Canada and increased unequal rights even after providences of citizenship are legally offered.

As a Muslim, migrating has also been limited by the belief that our religion is associated with

Commented [AC6]: How an in what way?

Commented [AC7]: How?

Commented [AC8]: Ref??



terrorist acts. For example, the September 11 attack on the United States was termed a religious

practice other than a specific group with terrorism beliefs. According to many Muslim’ and

immigrant views, all people of color who ‘look’ like ‘Muslims,’ regardless of their legal status, are

included in this risk (Thobani, 2007, p. 246).

Furthermore, as Muslims, we suffer issues in society due to 9/11, as we are all perceived

as terrorists, which is not the case. Many of us are exceptional citizens who contribute to society

by donating to and supporting numerous charitable organizations to eradicate poverty. Yet, every

day, we see and hear about hate crimes against our community, making us vulnerable since we are

reluctant to reveal our true identities.

Other than oppression on nationality has been expressed in several ways for the people of

color, particularly in North America. Worst of it is the ritualized form of “national violence that

include of lynching of black men, raping women in wars and conflicts, pulling off the Muslim

headscarves (Thobani, 2007, p. 79).

Migrating to Canada, I have had the opportunity to interact with many people from diverse

backgrounds. Of interest, the Indigenous population has powerfully captured my attention. They

come from a different culture and race, yet they have also received similar oppression like me. In

the past, I have worked with an Indigenous female client who once narrated how the situation has

been for her over the years living in Canada. As I listened to her, I could partly relate to her case

due to the similarities we shared as being the ‘othered.’ As an immigrant and a person of color, I

too had to go through a lot immigrating to Canada. However, on the other hand, life for her has

been and continues to be far worse than anything I could imagine. Although the Indigenous people

Commented [AC9]: Some references could help here

Commented [AC10]: How



have lived here the longest and are the rightful owners of this land, they still face oppression based

on white supremacy.

Like I was controlled by the fact that I am a Muslim female based on family and religious

beliefs. The other person was also subjected to a similar situation with the fact that she was

Indigenous. My client faced a lot of systemic barriers and restrictions, some to the extent that they

controlled where she could travel, reside, or do (Thobani, 2007, p. 82). My work has also been

limited because I am a Muslim, and society has been anxious. The spread of propaganda by the

media into the nation has some implications for my career. The fact that the government plays a

role in some of the media’s propaganda shows some similarities that the Indigenous population has

faced discrimination over time. However, Canada has imposed some compassion, and all citizens

have social rights in increasingly equal measure. (Thobani, 2007, p. 140)

With the rise of modernity, Indigenous peoples became the epitome of humanity’s youth,

its purity, which was lost to Europeans. ‘Said to exist outside of both human and heavenly purview.’

I’ve always identified with oppressed people, and as a survivor, I know and understand that many

times the victims aren’t aware of how they’ve been oppressed because we’re taught to accept the

abuses as standard and made to feel responsible for causing them to occur in the first place. Then

we’re told not to move forward by putting it behind us. Besides, I believe in the multiculturalism-

specific policy that advocates for the ability for transformative to match the change of time and

emerging opportunities (Thobani, 2007, p. 155).

“To understand why inequality exists, it is important to consider how inequality arises in the first

place (Charon 2013, pp 89)

Commented [AC11]: Ref

Commented [AC12]: Punctuation here??

Commented [AC13]: In what way?

Commented [AC14]: How?

Commented [AC15]: Really? Is that what Thobani is

Commented [AC16]: You are pulling a lot of idea together
without careful explanation



In terms of sexuality, I am a heterosexual female, and as a result, my values and opinions

about other people differ. Based on religion and culture, I have been serotyping Homosexuals

who condone these types of relationships, which are against God’s word. As a result of these

beliefs, I have avoided acknowledging or associating with homosexuals. For example, while

working as a nurse, I found out that one of my colleagues, a South Asian male,” had come out of

the closet,” and in a way that changed the dynamics of our relationship. I felt uncomfortable

working with him because of my so-called ‘ideologies. It felt like I was betraying the very values

and beliefs ingrained in me by associating with him. I often would change my shift if I found

myself working with him to a point where I almost wanted to move to a different department as a

form of avoidance.

Although this type of conduct was never discussed when I was growing up, it has always

been around, and I have inadvertently supported it. As a result of my belief that homosexuality is

contagious, I have never attended a gay pride parade or watched any movies that promote

homosexuality. A couple of months later, while attending some workshops, I finally understood

how wrong my behavior was and how I was oppressing another person of color.

I believe that if the situation with my colleague was changed to client-worker at

that time, I think our relationship would be significantly affected. For instance, my biases about

homosexuality would have come into play, thus not allowing me to make informed decisions in

the client’s best interest. In addition, as a person in a position of power, I would have oppressed

the client in a way even though I might not have known that. By this, I mean how I would have

interacted with him trying to put my values and beliefs on him or oppressing him by my body

language and words.

Commented [AC17]: Thanks for being honest but in Social
Work when you meet clients who are of this kind how will
you del with it?

Commented [AC18]: ????

Commented [AC19]: So have you changed your thinking?



However, now that I have re-educated myself, I know that to regard individuals as

equals, I must accept their choices and refrain from imposing my ideals or beliefs on them. To

unlearn what I have learned, I had to become more aware of the difficulties within this

community by participating in LGBTQS+-related events and using the correct language to

communicate with members of this community. Self-actualization can be difficult, but it is a

process, not an event, so I will grow as a professional and an individual, even if it takes some


You have generated some good ideas in your paper but you have failed to fully explain or

expand on these ideas. You need to try to understand the readings more and try to relate to them.

In going into Social Work you need to think about how your ideas and values are going to impact

on your clients.

See attached rubric.

Commented [AC20]: What are your plans to create this




Baines, D. (2011). An Overview of Anti-Oppressive Social Work Practice Doing anti-oppressive

practice: Social justice social work. Fernwood publishers.

Charon, J. M. (2013). Ten questions: A sociological perspective (8th ed.). Belmont, CA:

Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Thobani, S. (2007). Chapter 1; Founding a Lawful Nation. Exalted Subjects: Studies in the

making of race and nation in Canada. University of Toronto Press.

Thobani, S. (2007). Chapter 2; Nationals, Citizens, and Others. Exalted Subjects: Studies in the

making of race and nation in Canada. University of Toronto Press.

Thobani, S. (2007). Chapter 3; The Welfare of Nationals. Exalted Subjects: Studies in the making

of race and nation in Canada. University of Toronto Press.

Thobani, S. (2007). Chapter 4; Multiculturalism and the Liberalizing Nation. Exalted Subjects:

Studies in the making of race and nation in Canada. University of Toronto Press.

Thobani, S. (2007). Chapter 5; Reforming Canadians: Consultations and Nationalizations.

Exalted Subjects: Studies in the making of race and nation in Canada. University of Toronto


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