5 Discussion Post. 1 page of less and 1 assignment 3-4 pages Discussion 1. Go to Weekly statistics from the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance Sy

5 Discussion Post. 1 page of less and 1 assignment 3-4 pages Discussion 1.

Go to Weekly statistics from the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS). (cdc.gov) Choose a disease of your choice from the tables (DO NOT REPEAT A PREVIOUSLY USED DISEASE). Select the disease and a table will appear. At the top, it will give statistics for the entire U.S. population and the table further breaks down cases into regions and state by state. Compare the cumulative cases for this year and last year. Are the number of cases increasing, decreasing, or remaining the same? What region makes up the most number of cases? Research and determine why this region has higher cases than the others. Discuss if it is one state in particular.
2. Surveillance types
Passive surveillance systems are commonly used for infectious disease surveillance such as the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS). Describe a scenario where active surveillance is needed. How is active surveillance for this specific disease conducted? Describe a scenario where sentinel surveillance is the best option and why. How would it be conducted?

Discussion Guidelines

Discussion 2.
1. Mass vaccination after a disaster:
There was a natural disaster that occurred and has led to an infectious disease outbreak (your choice of one that is vaccine-preventable). Those affected by the disaster are settled in temporary locations with high population densities, inadequate food and shelter, unsafe water, poor sanitation and infrastructure that has been compromised or destroyed. There is a vaccine available for the infectious disease but there are not enough doses to give to all who are at-risk due to the natural disaster.
You are the public health official in charge of infectious disease prevention. Devise a plan to administer the vaccine to the population. Will you use a lottery system or target specific sub-populations? How will you track and monitor those who are vaccinated? Use the attributes of the infectious disease to provide reasoning behind your plan. What other prevention techniques that can be used to supplement the vaccination plan?

Discussion 3.

The federal government can authorize quarantine through the Public Health Service Act in conjunction with executive orders that state the specific diseases that are quarantinable. There are also international laws as well as state specific laws. This week we will look at those laws.
There are two parts to this week’s discussion:

Part 1:

1. Define and discuss the difference between quarantine and isolation.

Option 1:

Compare and contrast quarantine/isolation laws for human communicable diseases at the international, national, and state level. Use resources in the lessons for international and national laws and use this resource for state laws: http://www.ncsl.org/research/health/state-quarantine-and-isolation-statutes.aspx#1. Find your state in the table in the website given above and read the authority, penalties, and police law and limitations (if given). Is the language too specific or too broad to be effective? Are the penalties fair? Who has the authority to implement quarantine and under what circumstances? Please also see your state’s laws directly and conduct further research on whether it has ever been enacted.

Discussion 4.
The following topic are examples of historical isolation techniques that can occur when the biological basis for disease is unknown. Discuss: evaluation of the measure, effectiveness of the measure, and whether this measure should or could be used again today. Discuss ethical principles that should guide public health decisions including human rights issues. Introductory resources are given but the student should conduct further research on the topic.

1. Tuberculosis Sanatoriums in the U.S.

National Trust for Historic Preservation. (2015)

Tuberculosis Sanitariums: Reminders of the White Plague | National Trust for Historic Preservation (savingplaces.org)

Discussion 5

Choose one of the following topics to discus

1. How can quarantine be used to prevent or control emerging communicable diseases. Discuss the reasons for emergence and how we can predict emerging zoonoses.
2. Identify and discuss a disease that is a candidate for global eradication. How are we doing and what are the main issues why it is not eradicated?
3. How does global trade contribute to food safety issues? Are foodborne outbreaks increasing? If so, why?

Assignment 1

Instructions 3-5 pages

Importance of Cultural Competence in Infectious Disease Outbreaks and Response
Cultural competence is important when public health practitioners need to address infectious disease outbreaks in cross-cultural communities. Before beginning this assignment, learn about Cultural Competence In Health and Human Services | NPIN (cdc.gov) in public health. Also, read the attached document. For this assignment, you must demonstrate an understanding of the community that you chose based on the scenario you choose. Do not provide a generic response. It must be specific and detailed in the information and how you will APPLY cultural competence in the given situation.
Choose one of the scenarios to discuss:
1. Measles outbreaks in the U.S. have continued to occur due to lack of vaccination. Most notably in the Somali community in Minnesota in 2017 and in the Amish community in Ohio in 2014. Devise a program to facilitate vaccination in response to one of these outbreaks. Conduct a needs and a capacity assessment to identify cultural commonalities and differences to be addressed, and the ability of your program to address them.
2. The lack of cultural competence in the recent Ebola epidemic of 2014-2016 in West Africa has been implicated as a reason that the outbreak was not contained sooner. If you were a public health practitioner responding to this outbreak, how would you include cultural norms and leaders in how you communicate with the community in order to control and prevent the disease from spreading?
You may choose another scenario but should gain approval before using it. Please be concise in your writing and keep the page length under 5 pages total. Follow APA 7th edition for formatting.

Assignment Instructions:

Please review the Weekly Assignment Grading Rubric prior to submission.
Assignments are due in the Assignment portion of the classroom by Sunday, 11:59 p.m. EST each week. Make sure you read and understand the directions and requirements for each Assignment. Please ensure you cite your references in APA format with a minimum of 3 references (You may use your textbook as a reference and you should have a minimum of 2 academic outside references).

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