2 discussion reply posts Instructions 1. The reply posts may be more conversational but should still be focused on the discussion prompt/topic. 2. To e

Instructions

1.  The reply posts may be more conversational but should still be focused on the discussion prompt/topic.

2.  To encourage the development and demonstration of your own thoughts, direct quotes are not allowed in our discussions (either the initial thread or the replies) except for brief quotes from Scripture. Please note that if you choose to include direct quotes, they will not be considered in the final word count.

Formatting/Mechanics

1.  Two reply posts are required. Each reply must include at least 150 but not more than 250 words.

2.  The source of any information included that is not considered common knowledge must be identified with a citation.

3.  Each source cited must be included in a reference list at the end of your posts.

4.  At least one textbook citation must be included in each reply post.

5.  Direct quotes should not be included except brief passages from Scripture.

Additional Information

This course utilizes the Post-First feature in all Discussions. This means you will only be able to read and interact with your classmates’ threads after you have submitted your thread in response to the provided prompt. 

Finally, although healthy discussion is encouraged, disrespect towards others (e.g., hostility, name-calling) is not acceptable and will be penalized. Refer to the Discussion Grading Rubric provided for specifics regarding how points are assigned for your thread and replies. 

Studies have shown that people help each other for a variety of reasons. There are three theories that many of these reasons can be categorized within. Those theories are Social Exchange, Social Norms, and Evolutionary.

The Social Exchange theory contains the idea that humans help each other for the reward that they receive in exchange for the help given (Myers, 2019). These rewards can be internal or external. Often people aren’t consciously aware of what is motivating them to help others as it is a subconscious motivation. When people who are grieving will reach out and begin helping others, often they find that it is helping them to work through their own grief (Myers, 2019).  There are also external rewards that come when someone helps others, and they receive something positive in return.

The Social Norms theory refers to the things that are ingrained within us that are socially expected and taught that we follow (Myers, 2019). We take care of people who have cared for us, or who may one day return a favor because we have helped them (Myers, 2019). There are also other social norms that influence which people receive help, such as the idea that women and children go first or making seats available for the elderly or pregnant out in public (Myers, 2019).

The Evolutionary theory relates that the reasons for helping each other are genetically influenced (Myers, 2019). This theory states that doing good for others is influenced biologically by who we are genetically related to in order to promote the survival and well-being of those in our group or family (Myers, 2019). The idea that natural selection determines our good deeds for each other is very evolutionary in thought.

I believe that Social Exchange is the strongest explanation, of the three theories, for people helping each other. The Bible says in Galatians 6:7-8 that we will reap the fruit of what we have sown (NIV, 1985/2001). The goes hand in hand with the social exchange explanation that people do good to each other because they are either expecting good to be returned to them or they are returning good that they have already received.

In my own life I received the benefits of Social Exchange from the reputation of helping & friendliness of my dad. I grew up in a very small town, we had one stop light, and my dad was one who was always reaching out to help someone or tell someone about Jesus. He was the guy who would pick up hitchhikers and make it his mission to download the whole, spirit-filled gospel to them before they exited the truck. There were many times when I received kindness from others because of the good deeds and the life-giving spirit of my dad. I would walk into gas stations and someone would recognize me and say, “Hey! Can I buy your gas for your car?” Or at the grocery store they would try to buy my groceries. He loved the person God placed in his path and the fruit of what he had sown was reaped by his family.

 

Reference

Myers, D. G., & Twenge, J. M. (2019). Social Psychology (13nth ed.). McGraw Hill

Education. 





https://prod.reader-ui.prod.mheducation.comNew International Version Study Bible. (2001)Zondervan. (Original publication 1985)


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