1500 words due by 24. hrs I am a nursing student who has a final research ess ay assignment. I have some work completed if you want to use those sources for my assignment. My working thesis is stated at the bottom. This is also stated in one of my attachments; ‘APA outline’. (you can adjust this thesis but i am requesting it has something to do with fillers and social media)
Attached are already some references that may be valuable to you:
1) APA outline: contains working thesis , thoughts and ideas of my paper.
2) Annotated bibliography: contains 4 references and summary of each. At the bottom, where it states “task 2” is my reason and idea of how I planned to use those 4 references.
3) Final research es say: assignment instructions and evaluation expectations.
Thesis: Consumers who use social media more often compared to those who do not consume social media are more susceptible to getting cosmetic treatments, therefore are at an increased risk of having adverse effects after their procedure.
Please text if you have any questions. Annotated Bibliography
1) Chayangsu, O., Wanitphakdeedecha, R., Pattanaprichakul, P., Hidajat, I. J., Evangelista, K. E.
R., & Manuskiatti, W. (2020). Legal vs. illegal injectable fillers: The adverse effects
comparison study. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, 19(7), 1580–1586.
In recent years, there has been an increase in the demand for cosmetic procedures, especially for soft tissue fillers. In addition to this, there have also been an increase in injectors both licensed and unlicensed practitioners, as well as legal and illegal filler products. Chayangsu et. Al. studied 40 cases where adverse effects occurred for legal and illegal fillers being injected by both licensed and unlicensed injectors over a ten year period in an outpatient clinic center in Siriraj Hospital over 10 years. The study found that all soft tissue fillers can cause complications. It is important that consumers of cosmetic fillers must be warned of inexperienced and unlicensed practitioners due to the growing demands of the market. Consumers should continually be informed on the possible dangers of fillers injected by inexperienced injectors. Recognizing adverse effects and ensuring proper interventions are followed for positive patient outcome are some things a competent injector must practice.
2) Goldie, K., Cumming, D., Voropai, D., Mosahebi, A., Fabi, S. G., & Carbon, C.-C. (2021).
Aesthetic Delusions: An Investigation into the Role of Rapid Visual Adaptation in Aesthetic Practice. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology, 14, 1079–1087. https://doi-org.gbcprx01.georgebrown.ca/10.2147/CCID.S305976
Goldie et Al.’s work are important as it showed that an individual can develop a cosmetic bias on what one would consider attractive if they were over-exposed to certain stimuli. In the study, 48 female volunteer participants were randomly assigned into groups. Both groups of women were shown the same 12 standardized portrait photos of women, the only difference between the photos of the two groups were the lip fullness or thin-ness. The researchers found that the participants rated their attractiveness based on which photos they were initially shown, either preference towards a fuller lip or thinner lip. As there is an increase in camera filters for facial and body images on social media platforms like Instagram, it is easy to alter a face or body to have larger features, therefore unconsciously providing consumers to have an increased aesthetic appeal towards unattainable and unrealistic natural beauty standards.
3) Varman, R. M., Van Spronsen, N., Ivos, M., & Demke, J. (2021). Social Media Filter Use and
Interest to Pursue Cosmetic Facial Plastic Procedures. American Journal of Cosmetic Surgery, 38(3), 181–186.
Billions of people use social media and its tools which include face altering filters. This study aimed to determine whether the use of social media filters influenced an individual’s decision to acquire cosmetic procedures. The study specifically focused on one platform (Instagram) and asked mostly women ages 18-29 questions such as: if they have ever used specific filters, if they prefer looking like the altered filters in real life, and if they would consider getting plastic surgery after seeing the potential results. The study concluded that there was indeed a desire to pursue cosmetic procedures after using filters. This shows how social media heavily influences an individual’s perception of beauty and how standards of beauty are changing due to filters created to enhance features.
4) Wang, J. V., Hattier, G., Rohrer, T., Zachary, C. B., & Saedi, N. (2020). Experiences with
counterfeit aesthetic medical devices and injectables: A National Survey. Dermatologic
surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et
al.], 46(10), 1323–1326. https://doi.org/10.1097/DSS.0000000000002307
The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of counterfeit aesthetic medical devices and injectable products in the field of dermatology and cosmetics. The survey done by Wang et. Al, provided an online survey to ask current members from the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery (ASDS) and the American Society for Laser Medicine and Surgery (ASLMS) about whether or not they have encountered counterfeit cosmetic devices and injectables. Examples of questions were: if any members have ever encountered counterfeit medical devices during their practice and if they have seen any patients who had adverse events from these counterfeit injectable devices. The results showed that for injectables, 41.1% of the members have encountered counterfeits, and 39.7% have treated patients who have had adverse events. This is becoming an alarming problem as almost half of the members have either encountered counterfeits during their practice or experienced a patient with adverse events due to these products.
Goldie et al.’s study focused on the subconscious cosmetic bias by exposure towards certain stimuli. Varman et. al.’s study focused on the increased urge to pursue cosmetic procedures after using Instagram filters. Both works relate to each other if we were to use facial filters as a stimuli. These face-changing filters enhance and enlarge features of the face. If used over an extended amount of time, then a person’s perception of their own beauty would also change to subconsciously make the consumer think that they are more beautiful when they have those feature-enhancing filters (on the basis of Goldie et. al.’s study). This in turn would also support Varman’s study in which a person would be more inclined to pursue cosmetic treatment after using the filters seen on social media. With the increase in cosmetic treatments, I would also use the other study’s information to educate and warn consumers on what would happen if they were to pursue these cosmetic treatments from sketchy sources.
Final research paper:
Topic, Purpose, Problem
What: I am studying____________________________________________________
(What is the problem you are addressing?)
Public’s use of black – market, non-FDA approved cosmetic devices for cosmetic injectables.
Increased demand for cosmetic procedures like lip fillers, people on social media see other influencer’s unrealistic beauty standards seen online.
General population would also like to have the same treatment, may not necessarily have the money to do so, wand would look for a cheaper alternative.
Ex: HA pens
Why/How: in order to determine why/how__________________________________
(Why is it worthy of our attention?)
Cosmetic filler issues, botched injections, unlicensed injectors, – specifically the increase in demand for filler and how beauty standards have changed due to social media
If the public uses these non-FDA approved devices, it can be very detrimental to their health which may include blindness, occlusions, tissue necrosis, cosmetic disfiguration
Why: for an improved understanding of_____________________________________
(What is your study contributing to the improved understanding of the topic?)
Important that the public are aware of the dangers of using blackmarket devices
· Sometimes the public does not have any knowledge they are using something non-FDA approved.
For paper :
Do Not Use Needle-Free Devices for Injection of Dermal Fillers – FDA Safety Communication
1) Wang, J. V., Saedi, N., & Geronemus, R. G. (2020). Differentiation in a market of imitation: The evolving world of aesthetic dermatology. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, 19(11), 2987–2989. https://doi-org.gbcprx01.georgebrown.ca/10.1111/jocd.13645
2) Wang, J. V., Zachary, C. B., & Saedi, N. (2018). Counterfeit esthetic devices and patient safety in dermatology. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, 17(3), 396–397. https://doi-org.gbcprx01.georgebrown.ca/10.1111/jocd.12526
3) Rajanala, S., Maymone, M. B. C., & Vashi, N. A. (2020). Evolving beauty-Creating and transforming inequalities. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, 19(4), 913–914. https://doi-org.gbcprx01.georgebrown.ca/10.1111/jocd.13098
4) Eggerstedt, M., Rhee, J., Urban, M. J., Mangahas, A., Smith, R. M., & Revenaugh, P. C. (2020). Beauty is in the eye of the follower: Facial aesthetics in the age of social media. American Journal of Otolaryngology, 41(6), 102643. https://doi-org.gbcprx01.georgebrown.ca/10.1016/j.amjoto.2020.102643
5) Plan to minimize cosmetic procedure adverse effects
Heydenrych, I., De Boulle, K., Kapoor, K. M., & Bertossi, D. (2021). The 10-Point Plan 2021: Updated Concepts for Improved Procedural Safety During Facial Filler Treatments. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology, 14, 779–814. https://doi-org.gbcprx01.georgebrown.ca/10.2147/CCID.S315711
Balakrishnan J, Griffiths MD. An exploratory study of “Selfitis” and the development of the Selfitis Behavior Scale. Int J Ment Health Addict. 2018;16(3):722–736. doi:10.1007/s11469-017-9844-x
6) Rohrich, R. J., Savetsky, I. L., Savetsky, E. B., & Avashia, Y. J. (2020). Why Social Media Is Transforming Plastic Surgery. Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery, 53(1), 4–5. https://doi-org.gbcprx01.georgebrown.ca/10.1055/s-0040-1709942